Tモード英語トレーニング:「T」数えて言語野を活性化??
新聞読む感覚でスクリプト見ながらシャドウイングします。継続は力なり。 受験リスニングのウォームアップにもどうぞ。

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Tモード英語トレーニング:「T」数えて言語野を活性化??

新聞読む感覚でスクリプト見ながらシャドウイングします。継続は力なり。
受験リスニングのウォームアップにもどうぞ。

http://blogs.yahoo.co.jp/k_kobuta



スポンサーサイト

shale 頁岩(けつがん) レベル16

 2014/8/16
http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/kuma_wel.gif http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/usagi.gif 毎日、新聞読む感覚で・・シャドウイング・・メモのような、単語帳のようなものです。

・・・シェールで産業復活 ノースダコタ・・・・

VOAヘッドラインニュースをmp3playerに落として「T」を指折り数える。
ftp://8475.ftp.storage.akadns.net/mp3/voa/english/nnow/NNOW_HEADLINES.mp3

「T」数えて、前頭葉封鎖?? 音を耳の後ろの後頭部に送り込んで言語野を活性化??
1.【Tを指折り数える】←音聞きながらTを指折り数えます。残りは耳の後ろのあたりで無意識に聞いている感じ。
2.【シャドウイングをする】←Tを数えた記事のスクリプト見ながらシャドウイング(音読)。
   ←慣れてきたらシャドーを2重3重にすると生英語の記憶(音のまま記憶して後で考える)領域
    が広がって行く・・

母音は捨てて「T」を意識したシャドウイングをする。
  米語→舌を奥ののどちんこに向かって反って「うーうー」とうなるような感じ。
  英語→「えア」と言って、口の形をキープしたまま、閉じずに、喉の奥の方まで「えア」にする感じ。

 shale   http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/niwatori.gif http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/hiyos.gif   頁岩(けつがん) レベル16 
The once-sleepy town of Williston, North Dakota, is now a booming hub of business, thanks to new ways to extract oil from shale deposits in the region. And everyone wants a piece of the action.
http://www.voanews.com/content/oil-wealth-attracts-businesses-to-north-dakota/2415398.html

drain 排水する
oil‐rig 油田掘削装置[プラットホーム].

シャドウイングを連続で数個続ける・・・

ripple さざなみ
"The ripple effect here is interesting because once this canal is completed and these ships are able to transit the canal, you’re going to see a lot more cities around the world competing for improving their ports so they can support those larger ships," he said.
http://www.voanews.com/content/panama-canal-turns-100-amid-growing-pains-competition/2412671.html


arsenal 兵器庫 レベル9
“Over the course of these last 60 or 70 years, at least in our arsenal, there have been more than 1200 accidents," she said.
http://www.voanews.com/content/cold-war-deterrent-poses-new-world-safety-concerns/2406578.html

unbleached 未さらし
Their pancakes are made with unbleached flour and the meat is free of antibiotics and hormones… which was good news for customer Nicholas Hurysh, who was there for the pot roast.
http://www.voanews.com/content/farm-to-table-concept-distinguishes-diner-chain/2407562.html

mutual 相互の
Analyst Richard Downie agrees. "I think at heart, the U.S. and China have mutual interests in Africa. They're both interested in peace, stability and security because that's the best environment in which to grow markets and do business."
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-takes-different-approach-to-africa-than-china/1973328.html

congregation 集合,会合.
Father Aesha said his congregation would support an independent Kurdish state.
http://www.voanews.com/content/religious-minorities-find-sanctuary-in-kurdistan/2407848.html

belch げっぷする レベル15
“These sites belch out mercury, selenium and poison, some of them in perpetuity," she said. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/americans-angry-about-power-plant-pollution/1969463.html

perpetuity 永続,永存,不滅.

audit 会計検査,(会社などの)監査.
“Both candidates have agreed to abide by the results of the audit and that the winner of the election will serve as president and will immediately form a government of national unity," said Kerry.
http://www.voanews.com/content/chaotic-afghan-vote-recount-threatens-nations-future/1970130.html

carnage 大虐殺.
After four years of carnage and more than 16 million dead soldiers and civilians, three empires that had lasted for centuries - Austro-Hungarian, Russian and Ottoman - gradually ceased to exist and many new nations emerged, says Mike Heffernan, professor of historical geography at the University of Nottingham.
http://www.voanews.com/content/how-wwi-changed-the-map-of-europe/1970075.html

harvester 収穫者; 刈り取り人夫.
"The bit harvester is an electronic device designed to monitor remotely -- using SMS -- wind turbines and solar installations. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/fab-lab-igniting-revolution-in-kenya/1969051.html

bumpy でこぼこの レベル11
fabulous 伝説上の,伝説的な.
The ride can be wild and bumpy, but the message put out by every Peshmerga patrol is clear - order will be kept, and those who challenge it face the barrels of many guns.
http://www.voanews.com/content/kurdish-peshmerga-force-secures-kirkuk-and-its-oil/1961585.html

astrophysics 天体物理学. 
“Most missions we do, whether they are planetary or astrophysics, we do it with international partners. It’s really the way we do business now," she said.
http://www.voanews.com/content/nature-of-space-exploration-enters-new-age/1961292.html

tarnish 曇らせる,さびさせる,変色させる.
grumble ぶつぶつ不平を言う 
hallmark 太鼓判
Such tight controls over Thailand once much-freer media and social networks have become a hallmark of the junta’s rule.

asteroid  ヒトデ. 小惑星 
Part of NASA's Extreme Environment Mission Operations (NEEMO) program, which is designed to test concepts related to future visits to near-Earth asteroids
http://www.voanews.com/content/astronauts-train-in-underwater-lab/1965437.html

quagmire 沼地,泥沼 レベル11
combing すく[くしけずる]こと.
coercion 威圧,弾圧政治.
benign 恵み深い,親切な,優しい.
"I think there will be more sanctions. Because, I don't think that Russia, even if it wanted to, can pull out of this Ukrainian quagmire quite soon," said von Eggert.
http://www.voanews.com/content/russia-ukraine-leaders-trade-blame-for-malaysia-airline-crash/1960838.html
http://www.voanews.com/content/new-thailand-hotline-targets-misbehaving-monks/1965179.html

reminiscent しのばせて 〔of〕
eerily 不自然で不気味な方法で
blunt ぶっきらぼうな 無遠慮な,無愛想な. 鈍い
Australia’s prime minister, Tony Abbott, is among the leaders most blunt in demanding an explanation from Moscow.“The initial response of the Russian Ambassador was to blame Ukraine for this, and I have to say that is deeply, deeply unsatisfactory,” said Abbott.
http://www.voanews.com/content/malaysia-reeling-second-air-disaster-in-four-months/1960912.html

offshoot 分かれ,分家.
"Hamas doesn't see Egypt as an honest broker because Hamas -- as an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood -- is not treated as a legitimate player by the Egyptian government," said American University professor Guy Ziv. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/obama-prepared-to-send-kerry-to-middle-east-for-talks-on-gaza/1960877.html

downpour  どしゃ降り.  レベル13
Inclement 不良な,荒れ模様の.
nclement weather also is tested on the Smart Road. A 1,900-liter water tank [500,000 gallon] feeds into 75 weather-making towers. The towers can create snow, fog, freezing rain and heavy downpours.
http://www.voanews.com/content/smart-road-talks-to-car-warns-of-dangers/1955983.html


renowned 有名な,高名な.
In recent years, the guesthouse has developed a reputation as a world-renowned jazz club. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/hotel-in-rio-favela-attracts-jazz-enthusiasts/1955788.html

impunity 刑罰[害,損失]を受けない[免れる]こと
Ukraine’s government must end the culture of impunity, says Amnesty’s Denis Krivosheev.
http://www.voanews.com/content/amnesty-abduction-torture-rampant-in-eastern-ukraine/1955794.html

trail 引きずる,引きずっていく.
Preliminary results show Abdullah trailing Ghani by about one million votes, but Abdullah rejects those results and has alleged widespread fraud and ballot-box stuffing.
http://www.voanews.com/content/kerry-hopes-solution-can-be-found-afghan-vote-dispute/1955292.html

yearn あこがれる レベル6 

They’re just like Lady Liberty herself, welcoming immigrants with her torch and the famous inscription from Emma Lazarus poem: "Give us your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free."
http://www.voanews.com/content/statue-of-liberty-impersonators-welcome-tourists/1949649.html

inscription 碑文  刻むこと
huddle ごたごた集める
mass 集団,集まり

regiment  連隊 
authenticity 信頼できること,確実性.出所の正しさ,真正なこと.
However, there were many other African-American regiments that fought in the war that divided a country and claimed 620,000 lives.
http://www.voanews.com/content/reenactors-celebrate-african-american-contribution-to-us-civil-war/1950625.html

inmate 収容者
The show sometimes features live music performed by former inmates like Dennis Price.
http://www.voanews.com/content/houston-radio-show-helps-prisoners-and-loved-ones/1950623.html

obnoxious 不快な,いやな.レベル11
Inside the FIFA Fan Fest, one fan explains his patriotic outfit: "It's basically the most obnoxious thing we could find."
http://www.voanews.com/content/loud-loyal-american-fans-travel-brazil-huge-numbers/1946019.html
outfit したく品.

scaffolding 足場. レベル13
Some people are out, under the umbrellas of the ocean-side cafes, watching the day’s games, or listening to them on the radio under some scaffolding, but the rain has kept most people inside.
http://www.voanews.com/content/rainy-day-is-not-enough-to-slow-the-world-cup-party/1941142.html

sleet みぞれ

bleacher 外野席.
“We have 15 rooms in long-term exhibition that work with the motion, that work with experiences, so in each room you can feel the supporters of the bleachers, you can hear the radio narration and see football as art more than as a sport,”
http://www.voanews.com/content/brazil-football-museum-attracts-passionate-fans/1939467.html

clairvoyant 透視の,千里眼の.
富裕な人たち affluent
おえらがた  brass
More than 40 years later, the clairvoyant offers his predictions to Thailand’s affluent, including the country’s top brass.
http://www.voanews.com/content/thai-politics-challenges-fortune-tellers/1939913.html

rotor 軸車 回転翼 レベル11
The plant uses pressurized steam to turn the electromagnetic rotors to generate electricity.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-energy-company-cleaner-technologies-make-good-business-sense/1935905.html

steward 給仕,船室係,ボーイ
But Dominion and many other U.S. power companies say they want to be good environmental stewards and need consistent regulations to make long term investments in cleaner technologies that are both affordable and profitable.

parallel 平行の
What Russia is doing in Ukraine is not in any way parallel to what NATO did in Kosovo because in Kosovo you had a group of people who were fighting to preserve their own culture against the Serb repression.
http://www.voanews.com/content/wesley-clark-kosovo-ukraine/1936649.html

gauge 正確に測定する.
Gauging national public support for either candidate is difficult, but surveys published in recent weeks indicate the race will be close.
http://www.voanews.com/content/afghanistan-readies-for-presidential-run-off/1936262.html 

doable する[行なう]ことのできる. レベル14
Oleg Smolin, a smoker for 10 years, says adjusting to the new law will be tough, but doable. “We will get used to it," he said. And he asked, "if in Europe and in other countries, they get used to it, why can’t we?”
http://www.voanews.com/content/russia-attacks-smoking-with-big-guns/1930501.html

amphibious 水陸両生の.
“It’s one of the most important military operations ever conducted, probably the largest amphibious assault ever undertaken," said Christopher Yung, author of a book on the planning for D-Day. "It took a great deal of military thinking, ingenuity, perseverance."
http://www.voanews.com/content/veterans-reflect-on-significance-of-the-70th-anniversary-of-d-day/1928929.html

tweak つねる レベル13
This is a relatively new technology. It is being adjusted. It is undergoing through tweaks and refinements as we speak. It is dealing with a portion of geology the state has not dealt with. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/oil-boom-transforming-rural-north-dakota/1926539.html
refinement 精練
geology 地質学. 


renounce 放棄する レベル7
secession 分離
On Friday, businessmen such as Akhmetov signed a memorandum with police, union leaders and some separatists, renouncing political violence and calling for armed groups to lay down their weapons. But on Friday night, the Ukrainian military still controlled access in and out of Mariupol.
http://www.voanews.com/content/eastern-ukraine-oligarchs-seek-to-avoid-economic-disaster/1916873.html

aberration 正道[常軌]をはずれること;
“The conclusion we’ve come to is that a significant spherical aberration appears to be present in the optics, in the optical telescope system optics,” he said. 
spherical 球形の,球状の,丸い; 天体の.
optics 光学.
http://www.voanews.com/content/hubbles-dazzling-mission-nears-its-end/1919334.html

trajectory 弾道,曲線. 
First thing is to predict the whole trajectory," said Kim. "Second is finding the best catching posture, and third is generation of arm motion.
http://www.voanews.com/content/a-new-robotic-arm-can-grasp-moving-objects/1916255.html

idyllic  田園詩(風)の,牧歌的な. レベル11
paratrooper 落下傘兵
Swidwin is the main town in the area, and its idyllic center masks a deep unease about Russia’s intentions.
http://www.voanews.com/content/polish-american-troops-train-together-in-northwest-poland/1906178.html

galvanize 電気をかけて刺激する レベル11
They also galvanized support for the US Anti-Apartheid movement. Former US Congressman Ron Dellums was one of the leaders of the movement. He says, "Challenging apartheid in South Africa became a logical next place to go."
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-anti-apartheid-movement-helps-bring-change-to-south-africa/1900704.html
reverberate 反響する; 〈場所が〉〔音で〕反響する 〔with〕.

egregious 実にひどい,言語道断な,とてつもない.
“I think that any of us who look back on history what happened to the comfort women here in South Korea for example, have to recognize that this was a terrible, egregious violation of human rights," he said.
http://www.voanews.com/content/obama-warns-north-korea-against-nuclear-test/1900856.html

horticulture  園芸(術,学). レベル13
Nate Phillips, who teaches horticulture at Middle Tennessee State University, says smaller farms are, in part, a reaction to changes in the way Americans think about their food.
http://www.voanews.com/content/face-of-american-farmer-is-changing/1896459.html

magnate 有力者,大物
A steel magnate worth an estimated $2 billion, Serhiy Taruta was installed as governor in March by the new powers in Kyiv.
http://www.voanews.com/content/donetsk-governor-favors-force-to-oust-separatists/1896041.html

plow すき 耕す

interlace 組み合わせる.
Like many of Ukraine's veterans, Koropov has a Russian wife and says the two countries' destinies are interlaced.
http://www.voanews.com/content/crimea-aggression-by-former-soviet-ally-stuns-ukraines-wwll-veterans/1886384.html

disparage 軽蔑する,見くびる.
And the influences are so disparaging that it completely denigrates the tribal social custom and tries to project it as something outdated.
http://www.voanews.com/content/indias-tribal-councils-under-fire-after-gang-rape/1886505.html

savvy 実際的知識.知る,わかる.レベル13
For now, internet-savvy Turks will have to rely on workarounds, some published by Twitter itself, to continue using what one expert calls their country’s “last preserve of freedom of information.”
http://www.voanews.com/content/turkey-internet-curbs-dont-hurt-erdogan/1881260.html

workaround 回避策.

burgeon 芽ぐむ,もえ出る
procurement 獲得; (必需品の)調達,買い上げ
Kenya and Nigeria say they too are building their nuclear programs to meet rising electricity needs from their burgeoning populations. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/africa-looks-to-nuclear-power-to-light-up-continent/1880377.html

foregone 先立った,既往の,過去の.

adjourn 延期する; 延会[休会,散会]する.

accolade 栄誉,称賛.レベル12

brazen 真ちゅう(製)の.厚かましい. レベル11

cardiovascular 心循環系の
ventricular 心室性
Biomedical engineer Matthew Jackson worked with Fernandez to develop parts for this cardiovascular simulator.
http://www.voanews.com/content/hospital-machinist-aids-medical-research/1856078.html

sanctuary 聖域 避難所.
let it descend into sectarian conflict, anarchy, and then of course the rise of the Taliban and, of course, sanctuaries resulted from that.
http://www.voanews.com/content/lessons-learned-25-years-after-soviet-troop-withdrawal-from-afghanistan/1851262.html

blight 胴枯れ病
Now, he charges between $40 and $100 per person for tours of Detroit's blight. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/blight-tourism-in-detroit-grows-in-popularity/1841478.html
surreal 
vandalism 芸術[文化,建物,公共物など]の故意の破壊(行為); 暴力行為.
crumble くずにする,粉にする,砕く.

wingtip 翼端
The recordings showed that the birds were able to use the upward airstream created by the wingtip of the bird just in front of it.
http://www.voanews.com/content/rsearchers-birds-know-flying-in-v-formation-is-energy-efficient/1841385.html

graffiti 落書き.
Not all graffiti has been political. A group called the Mona Lisa Brigades works on issues of social justice in the impoverished neighborhood of Arda Lowa.
http://www.voanews.com/content/graffiti-becomes-political-weapon-on-cairo-streets-egypt/1837416.html

palate 味覚 レベル12
http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/palate

ferment 発酵させる.
http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/ferment

mash  押しつぶす.
http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/mash

He says that as beer drinkers develop their palates, beer makers are coming up with new products.
http://www.voanews.com/content/craft-brewery-meets-changing-tastes/1827860.html

Two months later, House Speaker John Boehner criticized some fellow Republicans, saying they pushed the party into a futile budget standoff.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-congress-2013-passes-fewest-laws-in-history/1814234.html

infrared 赤外線の.レベル9
L2 is also designated as the parking space for NASA’s supersensitive infrared James Webb Space Telescope, scheduled for launch in 2018.
http://www.voanews.com/content/esa-to-make-three-d-map-of-milky-way/1814862.html

reel よろめく レベル6 
The talks on climate change are taking place as the Philippines continues to reel after being devastated by Typhoon Haiyan.
http://www.voanews.com/content/financial-disputes-hamper-un-climate-talks/1794572.html 

furlough 休暇.
Despite solid job gains, the unemployment rate ticked higher, from 7.2 to 7.3 percent - likely because some of the 800,000 workers furloughed during the government shutdown were counted as unemployed.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-posts-solid-job-gains-in-october-but-unemployment-rate-ticks-higher/1786817.htm

grueling へとへとに疲れさせる,厳しい.
The cyclists have four grueling workout sessions a day, beginning at 6am.
http://www.voanews.com/content/kenyan-cycling-team-iten/1781615.html

prerogative 特権,特典; 大権
US Nuclear Negotiator Calls for Pause in Iran Sanctions
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-nuclear-negotiator-calls-for-pause-in-iran-sanctions/1776963.html


U2

スクリプトつき・・

・母音を意識すると、日本語のあいうえおが勝ってしまう上、英語、米語、方言によって
微妙に違うので対応が難しい。しかし、「T」なら、方言の影響をほとんど受けない。

・これは、はやりの脳トレに近い。脳の前頭葉?で「T」を含む単語を集中して聞き分けて数えるのと、脳の違うところ言語野?で何となく意味をとる脳のマルチタスクトレーニングでちょっと頭がしびれてくるような感覚だ!

・集中切れても、すぐ復活できる。途中でわからなくなっても、「T」を捜して、すぐに復活できる

リスニングのリハビリ用にサイト作ってみました。・・Tを意識してブロックをはずして言語野に流し込む。
http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/index.html

国際ニュースはこちらで・・
http://livestation.com/

テーマ: 英語・英会話学習 - ジャンル:学校・教育


quagmire 沼地,泥沼 レベル11

 
2014/7/19
http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/kuma_wel.gif http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/usagi.gif 毎日、新聞読む感覚で・・シャドウイング・・メモのような、単語帳のようなものです。

・・・痛ましい事故で言葉もない・・・・

VOAヘッドラインニュースをmp3playerに落として「T」を指折り数える。
ftp://8475.ftp.storage.akadns.net/mp3/voa/english/nnow/NNOW_HEADLINES.mp3

「T」数えて、前頭葉封鎖?? 音を耳の後ろの後頭部に送り込んで言語野を活性化??
1.【Tを指折り数える】←音聞きながらTを指折り数えます。残りは耳の後ろのあたりで無意識に聞いている感じ。
2.【シャドウイングをする】←Tを数えた記事のスクリプト見ながらシャドウイング(音読)。
   ←慣れてきたらシャドーを2重3重にすると生英語の記憶(音のまま記憶して後で考える)領域
    が広がって行く・・

母音は捨てて「T」を意識したシャドウイングをする。
  米語→舌を奥ののどちんこに向かって反って「うーうー」とうなるような感じ。
  英語→「えア」と言って、口の形をキープしたまま、閉じずに、喉の奥の方まで「えア」にする感じ。

 quagmire  http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/niwatori.gif http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/hiyos.gif  沼地,泥沼 レベル11
"I think there will be more sanctions. Because, I don't think that Russia, even if it wanted to, can pull out of this Ukrainian quagmire quite soon," said von Eggert.
http://www.voanews.com/content/russia-ukraine-leaders-trade-blame-for-malaysia-airline-crash/1960838.html

combing すく[くしけずる]こと.
coercion 威圧,弾圧政治.
benign 恵み深い,親切な,優しい.

シャドウイングを連続で数個続ける・・・

reminiscent しのばせて 〔of〕
eerily 不自然で不気味な方法で
blunt ぶっきらぼうな 無遠慮な,無愛想な. 鈍い
Australia’s prime minister, Tony Abbott, is among the leaders most blunt in demanding an explanation from Moscow.“The initial response of the Russian Ambassador was to blame Ukraine for this, and I have to say that is deeply, deeply unsatisfactory,” said Abbott.
http://www.voanews.com/content/malaysia-reeling-second-air-disaster-in-four-months/1960912.html

offshoot 分かれ,分家.
"Hamas doesn't see Egypt as an honest broker because Hamas -- as an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood -- is not treated as a legitimate player by the Egyptian government," said American University professor Guy Ziv. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/obama-prepared-to-send-kerry-to-middle-east-for-talks-on-gaza/1960877.html

downpour  どしゃ降り.  レベル13
Inclement 不良な,荒れ模様の.
nclement weather also is tested on the Smart Road. A 1,900-liter water tank [500,000 gallon] feeds into 75 weather-making towers. The towers can create snow, fog, freezing rain and heavy downpours.
http://www.voanews.com/content/smart-road-talks-to-car-warns-of-dangers/1955983.html


renowned 有名な,高名な.
In recent years, the guesthouse has developed a reputation as a world-renowned jazz club. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/hotel-in-rio-favela-attracts-jazz-enthusiasts/1955788.html

impunity 刑罰[害,損失]を受けない[免れる]こと
Ukraine’s government must end the culture of impunity, says Amnesty’s Denis Krivosheev.
http://www.voanews.com/content/amnesty-abduction-torture-rampant-in-eastern-ukraine/1955794.html

trail 引きずる,引きずっていく.
Preliminary results show Abdullah trailing Ghani by about one million votes, but Abdullah rejects those results and has alleged widespread fraud and ballot-box stuffing.
http://www.voanews.com/content/kerry-hopes-solution-can-be-found-afghan-vote-dispute/1955292.html

yearn あこがれる レベル6 

They’re just like Lady Liberty herself, welcoming immigrants with her torch and the famous inscription from Emma Lazarus poem: "Give us your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free."
http://www.voanews.com/content/statue-of-liberty-impersonators-welcome-tourists/1949649.html

inscription 碑文  刻むこと
huddle ごたごた集める
mass 集団,集まり

regiment  連隊 
authenticity 信頼できること,確実性.出所の正しさ,真正なこと.
However, there were many other African-American regiments that fought in the war that divided a country and claimed 620,000 lives.
http://www.voanews.com/content/reenactors-celebrate-african-american-contribution-to-us-civil-war/1950625.html

inmate 収容者
The show sometimes features live music performed by former inmates like Dennis Price.
http://www.voanews.com/content/houston-radio-show-helps-prisoners-and-loved-ones/1950623.html

obnoxious 不快な,いやな.レベル11
Inside the FIFA Fan Fest, one fan explains his patriotic outfit: "It's basically the most obnoxious thing we could find."
http://www.voanews.com/content/loud-loyal-american-fans-travel-brazil-huge-numbers/1946019.html
outfit したく品.

scaffolding 足場. レベル13
Some people are out, under the umbrellas of the ocean-side cafes, watching the day’s games, or listening to them on the radio under some scaffolding, but the rain has kept most people inside.
http://www.voanews.com/content/rainy-day-is-not-enough-to-slow-the-world-cup-party/1941142.html

sleet みぞれ

bleacher 外野席.
“We have 15 rooms in long-term exhibition that work with the motion, that work with experiences, so in each room you can feel the supporters of the bleachers, you can hear the radio narration and see football as art more than as a sport,”
http://www.voanews.com/content/brazil-football-museum-attracts-passionate-fans/1939467.html

clairvoyant 透視の,千里眼の.
富裕な人たち affluent
おえらがた  brass
More than 40 years later, the clairvoyant offers his predictions to Thailand’s affluent, including the country’s top brass.
http://www.voanews.com/content/thai-politics-challenges-fortune-tellers/1939913.html

rotor 軸車 回転翼 レベル11
The plant uses pressurized steam to turn the electromagnetic rotors to generate electricity.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-energy-company-cleaner-technologies-make-good-business-sense/1935905.html

steward 給仕,船室係,ボーイ
But Dominion and many other U.S. power companies say they want to be good environmental stewards and need consistent regulations to make long term investments in cleaner technologies that are both affordable and profitable.

parallel 平行の
What Russia is doing in Ukraine is not in any way parallel to what NATO did in Kosovo because in Kosovo you had a group of people who were fighting to preserve their own culture against the Serb repression.
http://www.voanews.com/content/wesley-clark-kosovo-ukraine/1936649.html

gauge 正確に測定する.
Gauging national public support for either candidate is difficult, but surveys published in recent weeks indicate the race will be close.
http://www.voanews.com/content/afghanistan-readies-for-presidential-run-off/1936262.html 

doable する[行なう]ことのできる. レベル14
Oleg Smolin, a smoker for 10 years, says adjusting to the new law will be tough, but doable. “We will get used to it," he said. And he asked, "if in Europe and in other countries, they get used to it, why can’t we?”
http://www.voanews.com/content/russia-attacks-smoking-with-big-guns/1930501.html

amphibious 水陸両生の.
“It’s one of the most important military operations ever conducted, probably the largest amphibious assault ever undertaken," said Christopher Yung, author of a book on the planning for D-Day. "It took a great deal of military thinking, ingenuity, perseverance."
http://www.voanews.com/content/veterans-reflect-on-significance-of-the-70th-anniversary-of-d-day/1928929.html

tweak つねる レベル13
This is a relatively new technology. It is being adjusted. It is undergoing through tweaks and refinements as we speak. It is dealing with a portion of geology the state has not dealt with. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/oil-boom-transforming-rural-north-dakota/1926539.html
refinement 精練
geology 地質学. 


renounce 放棄する レベル7
secession 分離
On Friday, businessmen such as Akhmetov signed a memorandum with police, union leaders and some separatists, renouncing political violence and calling for armed groups to lay down their weapons. But on Friday night, the Ukrainian military still controlled access in and out of Mariupol.
http://www.voanews.com/content/eastern-ukraine-oligarchs-seek-to-avoid-economic-disaster/1916873.html

aberration 正道[常軌]をはずれること;
“The conclusion we’ve come to is that a significant spherical aberration appears to be present in the optics, in the optical telescope system optics,” he said. 
spherical 球形の,球状の,丸い; 天体の.
optics 光学.
http://www.voanews.com/content/hubbles-dazzling-mission-nears-its-end/1919334.html

trajectory 弾道,曲線. 
First thing is to predict the whole trajectory," said Kim. "Second is finding the best catching posture, and third is generation of arm motion.
http://www.voanews.com/content/a-new-robotic-arm-can-grasp-moving-objects/1916255.html

idyllic  田園詩(風)の,牧歌的な. レベル11
paratrooper 落下傘兵
Swidwin is the main town in the area, and its idyllic center masks a deep unease about Russia’s intentions.
http://www.voanews.com/content/polish-american-troops-train-together-in-northwest-poland/1906178.html

galvanize 電気をかけて刺激する レベル11
They also galvanized support for the US Anti-Apartheid movement. Former US Congressman Ron Dellums was one of the leaders of the movement. He says, "Challenging apartheid in South Africa became a logical next place to go."
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-anti-apartheid-movement-helps-bring-change-to-south-africa/1900704.html
reverberate 反響する; 〈場所が〉〔音で〕反響する 〔with〕.

egregious 実にひどい,言語道断な,とてつもない.
“I think that any of us who look back on history what happened to the comfort women here in South Korea for example, have to recognize that this was a terrible, egregious violation of human rights," he said.
http://www.voanews.com/content/obama-warns-north-korea-against-nuclear-test/1900856.html

horticulture  園芸(術,学). レベル13
Nate Phillips, who teaches horticulture at Middle Tennessee State University, says smaller farms are, in part, a reaction to changes in the way Americans think about their food.
http://www.voanews.com/content/face-of-american-farmer-is-changing/1896459.html

magnate 有力者,大物
A steel magnate worth an estimated $2 billion, Serhiy Taruta was installed as governor in March by the new powers in Kyiv.
http://www.voanews.com/content/donetsk-governor-favors-force-to-oust-separatists/1896041.html

Obamacare 
Bianca Aleman from El Salvador is a legal resident but she missed the sign-up deadline for Obamacare because she says the process seemed too intimidating.
http://www.voanews.com/content/obamacare-costs-still-too-high-for-many-americans/1890919.html

plow すき 耕す
That is why, as president, he has set his shoulders to the plow to bring about meaningful change in America by ending two wars and passing comprehensive health care reform... Thank you, Mr. President," said Lewis.
http://www.voanews.com/content/obama-praises-predecessor-lyndon-johnsons-civil-rights-legacy/1891084.html 

midshipmen 海軍士官候補生
He said the exchange also strengthens the education of U.S. midshipmen, by enhancing their international exposure and understanding.
http://www.voanews.com/content/foreign-students-adapt-to-rigors-of-us-naval-academy/1891078.html

interlace 組み合わせる.
Like many of Ukraine's veterans, Koropov has a Russian wife and says the two countries' destinies are interlaced.
http://www.voanews.com/content/crimea-aggression-by-former-soviet-ally-stuns-ukraines-wwll-veterans/1886384.html

disparage 軽蔑する,見くびる.
And the influences are so disparaging that it completely denigrates the tribal social custom and tries to project it as something outdated.
http://www.voanews.com/content/indias-tribal-councils-under-fire-after-gang-rape/1886505.html

savvy 実際的知識.知る,わかる.レベル13
For now, internet-savvy Turks will have to rely on workarounds, some published by Twitter itself, to continue using what one expert calls their country’s “last preserve of freedom of information.”
http://www.voanews.com/content/turkey-internet-curbs-dont-hurt-erdogan/1881260.html

workaround 回避策.

burgeon 芽ぐむ,もえ出る
procurement 獲得; (必需品の)調達,買い上げ
Kenya and Nigeria say they too are building their nuclear programs to meet rising electricity needs from their burgeoning populations. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/africa-looks-to-nuclear-power-to-light-up-continent/1880377.html

foregone 先立った,既往の,過去の.

adjourn 延期する; 延会[休会,散会]する.
On Wednesday, negotiators for Iran and the six world powers adjourned what they called "substantive and useful" talks on Iran's nuclear program. The talks will resume next month in Vienna.
http://www.voanews.com/content/kerry-russia-could-face-stiffer-us-penalties-for-crimea-annexation/1875739.html

accolade 栄誉,称賛.レベル12
While his wallet is thin, his career has been thick with accolades. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/kabul-traffic-cop-pays-price-for-playing-it-straight/1866656.html
whiz ヒュー,ピュー 

brazen 真ちゅう(製)の.厚かましい. レベル11
inline 一線に. 
A brazen act of aggression in violation of international law, in violation of the U.N. Charter. It is a 19th century act in the 21st century.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-all-options-on-table-in-ukraine/1862543.html  

cardiovascular 心循環系の
ventricular 心室性
Biomedical engineer Matthew Jackson worked with Fernandez to develop parts for this cardiovascular simulator.
http://www.voanews.com/content/hospital-machinist-aids-medical-research/1856078.html

euthanize 安楽死させる.  レベル25
The way the city decided is not helpful - some private company taking dogs from the streets, when there is actually no place to take them. So they just euthanize them,
http://www.voanews.com/content/russians-and-americans-use-internet-to-save-sochis-stray-dogs/1851189.html

sanctuary 聖域 避難所.
let it descend into sectarian conflict, anarchy, and then of course the rise of the Taliban and, of course, sanctuaries resulted from that.
http://www.voanews.com/content/lessons-learned-25-years-after-soviet-troop-withdrawal-from-afghanistan/1851262.html

clamp  かすがい レベル10 かすがいなどで締める,留める
This bill helps to clamp down on loopholes that allowed people to receive benefits whether they were planting crops or not. And it saves taxpayers hard-earned dollars by making sure that we only support farmers when disaster strikes or prices drop.
http://www.voanews.com/content/new-us-farm-bill-controversy/1847016.html

buzz ブンブンいう,

blight 胴枯れ病
Now, he charges between $40 and $100 per person for tours of Detroit's blight. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/blight-tourism-in-detroit-grows-in-popularity/1841478.html
surreal 
vandalism 芸術[文化,建物,公共物など]の故意の破壊(行為); 暴力行為.
crumble くずにする,粉にする,砕く.

wingtip 翼端
The recordings showed that the birds were able to use the upward airstream created by the wingtip of the bird just in front of it.
http://www.voanews.com/content/rsearchers-birds-know-flying-in-v-formation-is-energy-efficient/1841385.html

graffiti 落書き.
Not all graffiti has been political. A group called the Mona Lisa Brigades works on issues of social justice in the impoverished neighborhood of Arda Lowa.
http://www.voanews.com/content/graffiti-becomes-political-weapon-on-cairo-streets-egypt/1837416.html

palate 味覚 レベル12
http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/palate

ferment 発酵させる.
http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/ferment

mash  押しつぶす.
http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/mash

He says that as beer drinkers develop their palates, beer makers are coming up with new products.
http://www.voanews.com/content/craft-brewery-meets-changing-tastes/1827860.html

Two months later, House Speaker John Boehner criticized some fellow Republicans, saying they pushed the party into a futile budget standoff.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-congress-2013-passes-fewest-laws-in-history/1814234.html

infrared 赤外線の.レベル9
L2 is also designated as the parking space for NASA’s supersensitive infrared James Webb Space Telescope, scheduled for launch in 2018.
http://www.voanews.com/content/esa-to-make-three-d-map-of-milky-way/1814862.html

reel よろめく レベル6 
The talks on climate change are taking place as the Philippines continues to reel after being devastated by Typhoon Haiyan.
http://www.voanews.com/content/financial-disputes-hamper-un-climate-talks/1794572.html 

bugle らっぱ
solemn 厳粛な,荘重な,荘厳な.
The tribute was led by retired military bugler Jari Villanueva. He’s with Taps for Veterans, a group that finds and arranges for buglers to perform Taps at military funerals and ceremonies. He said it's sometimes difficult.

furlough 休暇.
Despite solid job gains, the unemployment rate ticked higher, from 7.2 to 7.3 percent - likely because some of the 800,000 workers furloughed during the government shutdown were counted as unemployed.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-posts-solid-job-gains-in-october-but-unemployment-rate-ticks-higher/1786817.htm

grueling へとへとに疲れさせる,厳しい.
The cyclists have four grueling workout sessions a day, beginning at 6am.
http://www.voanews.com/content/kenyan-cycling-team-iten/1781615.html

prerogative 特権,特典; 大権
US Nuclear Negotiator Calls for Pause in Iran Sanctions
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-nuclear-negotiator-calls-for-pause-in-iran-sanctions/1776963.html

weed 雑草.

U2

スクリプトつき・・

・母音を意識すると、日本語のあいうえおが勝ってしまう上、英語、米語、方言によって
微妙に違うので対応が難しい。しかし、「T」なら、方言の影響をほとんど受けない。

・これは、はやりの脳トレに近い。脳の前頭葉?で「T」を含む単語を集中して聞き分けて数えるのと、脳の違うところ言語野?で何となく意味をとる脳のマルチタスクトレーニングでちょっと頭がしびれてくるような感覚だ!

・集中切れても、すぐ復活できる。途中でわからなくなっても、「T」を捜して、すぐに復活できる

リスニングのリハビリ用にサイト作ってみました。・・Tを意識してブロックをはずして言語野に流し込む。
http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/index.html

国際ニュースはこちらで・・
http://livestation.com/


downpour どしゃ降り レベル13

 
2014/7/12
http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/kuma_wel.gif http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/usagi.gif 毎日、新聞読む感覚で・・シャドウイング・・メモのような、単語帳のようなものです。

・・・自動運転もいずれ体験できるようになるだろうが、ピピピピうるさいかも知れない・・・・

VOAヘッドラインニュースをmp3playerに落として「T」を指折り数える。
ftp://8475.ftp.storage.akadns.net/mp3/voa/english/nnow/NNOW_HEADLINES.mp3

「T」数えて、前頭葉封鎖?? 音を耳の後ろの後頭部に送り込んで言語野を活性化??
1.【Tを指折り数える】←音聞きながらTを指折り数えます。残りは耳の後ろのあたりで無意識に聞いている感じ。
2.【シャドウイングをする】←Tを数えた記事のスクリプト見ながらシャドウイング(音読)。
   ←慣れてきたらシャドーを2重3重にすると生英語の記憶(音のまま記憶して後で考える)領域
    が広がって行く・・

母音は捨てて「T」を意識したシャドウイングをする。
  米語→舌を奥ののどちんこに向かって反って「うーうー」とうなるような感じ。
  英語→「えア」と言って、口の形をキープしたまま、閉じずに、喉の奥の方まで「えア」にする感じ。

 downpour  http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/niwatori.gif http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/hiyos.gif  どしゃ降り.  レベル13
nclement weather also is tested on the Smart Road. A 1,900-liter water tank [500,000 gallon] feeds into 75 weather-making towers. The towers can create snow, fog, freezing rain and heavy downpours.
http://www.voanews.com/content/smart-road-talks-to-car-warns-of-dangers/1955983.html

Inclement 不良な,荒れ模様の.

シャドウイングを連続で数個続ける・・・

renowned 有名な,高名な.
In recent years, the guesthouse has developed a reputation as a world-renowned jazz club. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/hotel-in-rio-favela-attracts-jazz-enthusiasts/1955788.html

impunity 刑罰[害,損失]を受けない[免れる]こと
Ukraine’s government must end the culture of impunity, says Amnesty’s Denis Krivosheev.
http://www.voanews.com/content/amnesty-abduction-torture-rampant-in-eastern-ukraine/1955794.html

trail 引きずる,引きずっていく.
Preliminary results show Abdullah trailing Ghani by about one million votes, but Abdullah rejects those results and has alleged widespread fraud and ballot-box stuffing.
http://www.voanews.com/content/kerry-hopes-solution-can-be-found-afghan-vote-dispute/1955292.html

yearn あこがれる レベル6 

They’re just like Lady Liberty herself, welcoming immigrants with her torch and the famous inscription from Emma Lazarus poem: "Give us your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free."
http://www.voanews.com/content/statue-of-liberty-impersonators-welcome-tourists/1949649.html

inscription 碑文  刻むこと
huddle ごたごた集める
mass 集団,集まり

regiment  連隊 
authenticity 信頼できること,確実性.出所の正しさ,真正なこと.
However, there were many other African-American regiments that fought in the war that divided a country and claimed 620,000 lives.
http://www.voanews.com/content/reenactors-celebrate-african-american-contribution-to-us-civil-war/1950625.html

inmate 収容者
The show sometimes features live music performed by former inmates like Dennis Price.
http://www.voanews.com/content/houston-radio-show-helps-prisoners-and-loved-ones/1950623.html

obnoxious 不快な,いやな.レベル11
Inside the FIFA Fan Fest, one fan explains his patriotic outfit: "It's basically the most obnoxious thing we could find."
http://www.voanews.com/content/loud-loyal-american-fans-travel-brazil-huge-numbers/1946019.html
outfit したく品.

scaffolding 足場. レベル13
Some people are out, under the umbrellas of the ocean-side cafes, watching the day’s games, or listening to them on the radio under some scaffolding, but the rain has kept most people inside.
http://www.voanews.com/content/rainy-day-is-not-enough-to-slow-the-world-cup-party/1941142.html

sleet みぞれ

bleacher 外野席.
“We have 15 rooms in long-term exhibition that work with the motion, that work with experiences, so in each room you can feel the supporters of the bleachers, you can hear the radio narration and see football as art more than as a sport,”
http://www.voanews.com/content/brazil-football-museum-attracts-passionate-fans/1939467.html

clairvoyant 透視の,千里眼の.
富裕な人たち affluent
おえらがた  brass
More than 40 years later, the clairvoyant offers his predictions to Thailand’s affluent, including the country’s top brass.
http://www.voanews.com/content/thai-politics-challenges-fortune-tellers/1939913.html

rotor 軸車 回転翼 レベル11
The plant uses pressurized steam to turn the electromagnetic rotors to generate electricity.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-energy-company-cleaner-technologies-make-good-business-sense/1935905.html

steward 給仕,船室係,ボーイ
But Dominion and many other U.S. power companies say they want to be good environmental stewards and need consistent regulations to make long term investments in cleaner technologies that are both affordable and profitable.

parallel 平行の
What Russia is doing in Ukraine is not in any way parallel to what NATO did in Kosovo because in Kosovo you had a group of people who were fighting to preserve their own culture against the Serb repression.
http://www.voanews.com/content/wesley-clark-kosovo-ukraine/1936649.html

gauge 正確に測定する.
Gauging national public support for either candidate is difficult, but surveys published in recent weeks indicate the race will be close.
http://www.voanews.com/content/afghanistan-readies-for-presidential-run-off/1936262.html 

doable する[行なう]ことのできる. レベル14
Oleg Smolin, a smoker for 10 years, says adjusting to the new law will be tough, but doable. “We will get used to it," he said. And he asked, "if in Europe and in other countries, they get used to it, why can’t we?”
http://www.voanews.com/content/russia-attacks-smoking-with-big-guns/1930501.html

amphibious 水陸両生の.
“It’s one of the most important military operations ever conducted, probably the largest amphibious assault ever undertaken," said Christopher Yung, author of a book on the planning for D-Day. "It took a great deal of military thinking, ingenuity, perseverance."
http://www.voanews.com/content/veterans-reflect-on-significance-of-the-70th-anniversary-of-d-day/1928929.html

tweak つねる レベル13
This is a relatively new technology. It is being adjusted. It is undergoing through tweaks and refinements as we speak. It is dealing with a portion of geology the state has not dealt with. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/oil-boom-transforming-rural-north-dakota/1926539.html
refinement 精練
geology 地質学. 


renounce 放棄する レベル7
secession 分離
On Friday, businessmen such as Akhmetov signed a memorandum with police, union leaders and some separatists, renouncing political violence and calling for armed groups to lay down their weapons. But on Friday night, the Ukrainian military still controlled access in and out of Mariupol.
http://www.voanews.com/content/eastern-ukraine-oligarchs-seek-to-avoid-economic-disaster/1916873.html

aberration 正道[常軌]をはずれること;
“The conclusion we’ve come to is that a significant spherical aberration appears to be present in the optics, in the optical telescope system optics,” he said. 
spherical 球形の,球状の,丸い; 天体の.
optics 光学.
http://www.voanews.com/content/hubbles-dazzling-mission-nears-its-end/1919334.html

trajectory 弾道,曲線. 
First thing is to predict the whole trajectory," said Kim. "Second is finding the best catching posture, and third is generation of arm motion.
http://www.voanews.com/content/a-new-robotic-arm-can-grasp-moving-objects/1916255.html

idyllic  田園詩(風)の,牧歌的な. レベル11
paratrooper 落下傘兵
Swidwin is the main town in the area, and its idyllic center masks a deep unease about Russia’s intentions.
http://www.voanews.com/content/polish-american-troops-train-together-in-northwest-poland/1906178.html

galvanize 電気をかけて刺激する レベル11
They also galvanized support for the US Anti-Apartheid movement. Former US Congressman Ron Dellums was one of the leaders of the movement. He says, "Challenging apartheid in South Africa became a logical next place to go."
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-anti-apartheid-movement-helps-bring-change-to-south-africa/1900704.html
reverberate 反響する; 〈場所が〉〔音で〕反響する 〔with〕.

egregious 実にひどい,言語道断な,とてつもない.
“I think that any of us who look back on history what happened to the comfort women here in South Korea for example, have to recognize that this was a terrible, egregious violation of human rights," he said.
http://www.voanews.com/content/obama-warns-north-korea-against-nuclear-test/1900856.html

horticulture  園芸(術,学). レベル13
Nate Phillips, who teaches horticulture at Middle Tennessee State University, says smaller farms are, in part, a reaction to changes in the way Americans think about their food.
http://www.voanews.com/content/face-of-american-farmer-is-changing/1896459.html

magnate 有力者,大物
A steel magnate worth an estimated $2 billion, Serhiy Taruta was installed as governor in March by the new powers in Kyiv.
http://www.voanews.com/content/donetsk-governor-favors-force-to-oust-separatists/1896041.html

Obamacare 
Bianca Aleman from El Salvador is a legal resident but she missed the sign-up deadline for Obamacare because she says the process seemed too intimidating.
http://www.voanews.com/content/obamacare-costs-still-too-high-for-many-americans/1890919.html

plow すき 耕す
That is why, as president, he has set his shoulders to the plow to bring about meaningful change in America by ending two wars and passing comprehensive health care reform... Thank you, Mr. President," said Lewis.
http://www.voanews.com/content/obama-praises-predecessor-lyndon-johnsons-civil-rights-legacy/1891084.html 

midshipmen 海軍士官候補生
He said the exchange also strengthens the education of U.S. midshipmen, by enhancing their international exposure and understanding.
http://www.voanews.com/content/foreign-students-adapt-to-rigors-of-us-naval-academy/1891078.html

interlace 組み合わせる.
Like many of Ukraine's veterans, Koropov has a Russian wife and says the two countries' destinies are interlaced.
http://www.voanews.com/content/crimea-aggression-by-former-soviet-ally-stuns-ukraines-wwll-veterans/1886384.html

disparage 軽蔑する,見くびる.
And the influences are so disparaging that it completely denigrates the tribal social custom and tries to project it as something outdated.
http://www.voanews.com/content/indias-tribal-councils-under-fire-after-gang-rape/1886505.html

savvy 実際的知識.知る,わかる.レベル13
For now, internet-savvy Turks will have to rely on workarounds, some published by Twitter itself, to continue using what one expert calls their country’s “last preserve of freedom of information.”
http://www.voanews.com/content/turkey-internet-curbs-dont-hurt-erdogan/1881260.html

workaround 回避策.

burgeon 芽ぐむ,もえ出る
procurement 獲得; (必需品の)調達,買い上げ
Kenya and Nigeria say they too are building their nuclear programs to meet rising electricity needs from their burgeoning populations. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/africa-looks-to-nuclear-power-to-light-up-continent/1880377.html

foregone 先立った,既往の,過去の.

adjourn 延期する; 延会[休会,散会]する.
On Wednesday, negotiators for Iran and the six world powers adjourned what they called "substantive and useful" talks on Iran's nuclear program. The talks will resume next month in Vienna.
http://www.voanews.com/content/kerry-russia-could-face-stiffer-us-penalties-for-crimea-annexation/1875739.html

accolade 栄誉,称賛.レベル12
While his wallet is thin, his career has been thick with accolades. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/kabul-traffic-cop-pays-price-for-playing-it-straight/1866656.html
whiz ヒュー,ピュー 

brazen 真ちゅう(製)の.厚かましい. レベル11
inline 一線に. 
A brazen act of aggression in violation of international law, in violation of the U.N. Charter. It is a 19th century act in the 21st century.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-all-options-on-table-in-ukraine/1862543.html  

cardiovascular 心循環系の
ventricular 心室性
Biomedical engineer Matthew Jackson worked with Fernandez to develop parts for this cardiovascular simulator.
http://www.voanews.com/content/hospital-machinist-aids-medical-research/1856078.html

euthanize 安楽死させる.  レベル25
The way the city decided is not helpful - some private company taking dogs from the streets, when there is actually no place to take them. So they just euthanize them,
http://www.voanews.com/content/russians-and-americans-use-internet-to-save-sochis-stray-dogs/1851189.html

sanctuary 聖域 避難所.
let it descend into sectarian conflict, anarchy, and then of course the rise of the Taliban and, of course, sanctuaries resulted from that.
http://www.voanews.com/content/lessons-learned-25-years-after-soviet-troop-withdrawal-from-afghanistan/1851262.html

clamp  かすがい レベル10 かすがいなどで締める,留める
This bill helps to clamp down on loopholes that allowed people to receive benefits whether they were planting crops or not. And it saves taxpayers hard-earned dollars by making sure that we only support farmers when disaster strikes or prices drop.
http://www.voanews.com/content/new-us-farm-bill-controversy/1847016.html

buzz ブンブンいう,

blight 胴枯れ病
Now, he charges between $40 and $100 per person for tours of Detroit's blight. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/blight-tourism-in-detroit-grows-in-popularity/1841478.html
surreal 
vandalism 芸術[文化,建物,公共物など]の故意の破壊(行為); 暴力行為.
crumble くずにする,粉にする,砕く.

wingtip 翼端
The recordings showed that the birds were able to use the upward airstream created by the wingtip of the bird just in front of it.
http://www.voanews.com/content/rsearchers-birds-know-flying-in-v-formation-is-energy-efficient/1841385.html

graffiti 落書き.
Not all graffiti has been political. A group called the Mona Lisa Brigades works on issues of social justice in the impoverished neighborhood of Arda Lowa.
http://www.voanews.com/content/graffiti-becomes-political-weapon-on-cairo-streets-egypt/1837416.html

palate 味覚 レベル12
http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/palate

ferment 発酵させる.
http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/ferment

mash  押しつぶす.
http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/mash

He says that as beer drinkers develop their palates, beer makers are coming up with new products.
http://www.voanews.com/content/craft-brewery-meets-changing-tastes/1827860.html

Two months later, House Speaker John Boehner criticized some fellow Republicans, saying they pushed the party into a futile budget standoff.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-congress-2013-passes-fewest-laws-in-history/1814234.html

infrared 赤外線の.レベル9
L2 is also designated as the parking space for NASA’s supersensitive infrared James Webb Space Telescope, scheduled for launch in 2018.
http://www.voanews.com/content/esa-to-make-three-d-map-of-milky-way/1814862.html

reel よろめく レベル6 
The talks on climate change are taking place as the Philippines continues to reel after being devastated by Typhoon Haiyan.
http://www.voanews.com/content/financial-disputes-hamper-un-climate-talks/1794572.html 

bugle らっぱ
solemn 厳粛な,荘重な,荘厳な.
The tribute was led by retired military bugler Jari Villanueva. He’s with Taps for Veterans, a group that finds and arranges for buglers to perform Taps at military funerals and ceremonies. He said it's sometimes difficult.

furlough 休暇.
Despite solid job gains, the unemployment rate ticked higher, from 7.2 to 7.3 percent - likely because some of the 800,000 workers furloughed during the government shutdown were counted as unemployed.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-posts-solid-job-gains-in-october-but-unemployment-rate-ticks-higher/1786817.htm

grueling へとへとに疲れさせる,厳しい.
The cyclists have four grueling workout sessions a day, beginning at 6am.
http://www.voanews.com/content/kenyan-cycling-team-iten/1781615.html

prerogative 特権,特典; 大権
US Nuclear Negotiator Calls for Pause in Iran Sanctions
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-nuclear-negotiator-calls-for-pause-in-iran-sanctions/1776963.html

weed 雑草.

U2

スクリプトつき・・

・母音を意識すると、日本語のあいうえおが勝ってしまう上、英語、米語、方言によって
微妙に違うので対応が難しい。しかし、「T」なら、方言の影響をほとんど受けない。

・これは、はやりの脳トレに近い。脳の前頭葉?で「T」を含む単語を集中して聞き分けて数えるのと、脳の違うところ言語野?で何となく意味をとる脳のマルチタスクトレーニングでちょっと頭がしびれてくるような感覚だ!

・集中切れても、すぐ復活できる。途中でわからなくなっても、「T」を捜して、すぐに復活できる

リスニングのリハビリ用にサイト作ってみました。・・Tを意識してブロックをはずして言語野に流し込む。
http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/index.html

国際ニュースはこちらで・・
http://livestation.com/


scaffolding 足場. レベル13

 2014/6/21
http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/kuma_wel.gif http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/usagi.gif 毎日、新聞読む感覚で・・シャドウイング・・メモのような、単語帳のようなものです。

・・・コロンビア強そう・・・・

VOAヘッドラインニュースをmp3playerに落として「T」を指折り数える。
ftp://8475.ftp.storage.akadns.net/mp3/voa/english/nnow/NNOW_HEADLINES.mp3

「T」数えて、前頭葉封鎖?? 音を耳の後ろの後頭部に送り込んで言語野を活性化??
1.【Tを指折り数える】←音聞きながらTを指折り数えます。残りは耳の後ろのあたりで無意識に聞いている感じ。
2.【シャドウイングをする】←Tを数えた記事のスクリプト見ながらシャドウイング(音読)。
   ←慣れてきたらシャドーを2重3重にすると生英語の記憶(音のまま記憶して後で考える)領域
    が広がって行く・・

母音は捨てて「T」を意識したシャドウイングをする。
  米語→舌を奥ののどちんこに向かって反って「うーうー」とうなるような感じ。
  英語→「えア」と言って、口の形をキープしたまま、閉じずに、喉の奥の方まで「えア」にする感じ。

scaffolding  http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/niwatori.gif http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/images/hiyos.gif 足場. レベル13
Some people are out, under the umbrellas of the ocean-side cafes, watching the day’s games, or listening to them on the radio under some scaffolding, but the rain has kept most people inside.
http://www.voanews.com/content/rainy-day-is-not-enough-to-slow-the-world-cup-party/1941142.html

sleet みぞれ

シャドウイングを連続で数個続ける・・・

bleacher 外野席.
“We have 15 rooms in long-term exhibition that work with the motion, that work with experiences, so in each room you can feel the supporters of the bleachers, you can hear the radio narration and see football as art more than as a sport,”
http://www.voanews.com/content/brazil-football-museum-attracts-passionate-fans/1939467.html

clairvoyant 透視の,千里眼の.
富裕な人たち affluent
おえらがた  brass
More than 40 years later, the clairvoyant offers his predictions to Thailand’s affluent, including the country’s top brass.
http://www.voanews.com/content/thai-politics-challenges-fortune-tellers/1939913.html

rotor 軸車 回転翼 レベル11
The plant uses pressurized steam to turn the electromagnetic rotors to generate electricity.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-energy-company-cleaner-technologies-make-good-business-sense/1935905.html

steward 給仕,船室係,ボーイ
But Dominion and many other U.S. power companies say they want to be good environmental stewards and need consistent regulations to make long term investments in cleaner technologies that are both affordable and profitable.

parallel 平行の
What Russia is doing in Ukraine is not in any way parallel to what NATO did in Kosovo because in Kosovo you had a group of people who were fighting to preserve their own culture against the Serb repression.
http://www.voanews.com/content/wesley-clark-kosovo-ukraine/1936649.html

gauge 正確に測定する.
Gauging national public support for either candidate is difficult, but surveys published in recent weeks indicate the race will be close.
http://www.voanews.com/content/afghanistan-readies-for-presidential-run-off/1936262.html 

doable する[行なう]ことのできる. レベル14
Oleg Smolin, a smoker for 10 years, says adjusting to the new law will be tough, but doable. “We will get used to it," he said. And he asked, "if in Europe and in other countries, they get used to it, why can’t we?”
http://www.voanews.com/content/russia-attacks-smoking-with-big-guns/1930501.html

amphibious 水陸両生の.
“It’s one of the most important military operations ever conducted, probably the largest amphibious assault ever undertaken," said Christopher Yung, author of a book on the planning for D-Day. "It took a great deal of military thinking, ingenuity, perseverance."
http://www.voanews.com/content/veterans-reflect-on-significance-of-the-70th-anniversary-of-d-day/1928929.html

tweak つねる レベル13
This is a relatively new technology. It is being adjusted. It is undergoing through tweaks and refinements as we speak. It is dealing with a portion of geology the state has not dealt with. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/oil-boom-transforming-rural-north-dakota/1926539.html
refinement 精練
geology 地質学. 


renounce 放棄する レベル7
secession 分離
On Friday, businessmen such as Akhmetov signed a memorandum with police, union leaders and some separatists, renouncing political violence and calling for armed groups to lay down their weapons. But on Friday night, the Ukrainian military still controlled access in and out of Mariupol.
http://www.voanews.com/content/eastern-ukraine-oligarchs-seek-to-avoid-economic-disaster/1916873.html

aberration 正道[常軌]をはずれること;
“The conclusion we’ve come to is that a significant spherical aberration appears to be present in the optics, in the optical telescope system optics,” he said. 
spherical 球形の,球状の,丸い; 天体の.
optics 光学.
http://www.voanews.com/content/hubbles-dazzling-mission-nears-its-end/1919334.html

trajectory 弾道,曲線. 
First thing is to predict the whole trajectory," said Kim. "Second is finding the best catching posture, and third is generation of arm motion.
http://www.voanews.com/content/a-new-robotic-arm-can-grasp-moving-objects/1916255.html

idyllic  田園詩(風)の,牧歌的な. レベル11
paratrooper 落下傘兵
Swidwin is the main town in the area, and its idyllic center masks a deep unease about Russia’s intentions.
http://www.voanews.com/content/polish-american-troops-train-together-in-northwest-poland/1906178.html

galvanize 電気をかけて刺激する レベル11
They also galvanized support for the US Anti-Apartheid movement. Former US Congressman Ron Dellums was one of the leaders of the movement. He says, "Challenging apartheid in South Africa became a logical next place to go."
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-anti-apartheid-movement-helps-bring-change-to-south-africa/1900704.html
reverberate 反響する; 〈場所が〉〔音で〕反響する 〔with〕.

egregious 実にひどい,言語道断な,とてつもない.
“I think that any of us who look back on history what happened to the comfort women here in South Korea for example, have to recognize that this was a terrible, egregious violation of human rights," he said.
http://www.voanews.com/content/obama-warns-north-korea-against-nuclear-test/1900856.html

horticulture  園芸(術,学). レベル13
Nate Phillips, who teaches horticulture at Middle Tennessee State University, says smaller farms are, in part, a reaction to changes in the way Americans think about their food.
http://www.voanews.com/content/face-of-american-farmer-is-changing/1896459.html

magnate 有力者,大物
A steel magnate worth an estimated $2 billion, Serhiy Taruta was installed as governor in March by the new powers in Kyiv.
http://www.voanews.com/content/donetsk-governor-favors-force-to-oust-separatists/1896041.html

Obamacare 
Bianca Aleman from El Salvador is a legal resident but she missed the sign-up deadline for Obamacare because she says the process seemed too intimidating.
http://www.voanews.com/content/obamacare-costs-still-too-high-for-many-americans/1890919.html

plow すき 耕す
That is why, as president, he has set his shoulders to the plow to bring about meaningful change in America by ending two wars and passing comprehensive health care reform... Thank you, Mr. President," said Lewis.
http://www.voanews.com/content/obama-praises-predecessor-lyndon-johnsons-civil-rights-legacy/1891084.html 

midshipmen 海軍士官候補生
He said the exchange also strengthens the education of U.S. midshipmen, by enhancing their international exposure and understanding.
http://www.voanews.com/content/foreign-students-adapt-to-rigors-of-us-naval-academy/1891078.html

interlace 組み合わせる.
Like many of Ukraine's veterans, Koropov has a Russian wife and says the two countries' destinies are interlaced.
http://www.voanews.com/content/crimea-aggression-by-former-soviet-ally-stuns-ukraines-wwll-veterans/1886384.html

disparage 軽蔑する,見くびる.
And the influences are so disparaging that it completely denigrates the tribal social custom and tries to project it as something outdated.
http://www.voanews.com/content/indias-tribal-councils-under-fire-after-gang-rape/1886505.html

savvy 実際的知識.知る,わかる.レベル13
For now, internet-savvy Turks will have to rely on workarounds, some published by Twitter itself, to continue using what one expert calls their country’s “last preserve of freedom of information.”
http://www.voanews.com/content/turkey-internet-curbs-dont-hurt-erdogan/1881260.html

workaround 回避策.

burgeon 芽ぐむ,もえ出る
procurement 獲得; (必需品の)調達,買い上げ
Kenya and Nigeria say they too are building their nuclear programs to meet rising electricity needs from their burgeoning populations. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/africa-looks-to-nuclear-power-to-light-up-continent/1880377.html

foregone 先立った,既往の,過去の.

adjourn 延期する; 延会[休会,散会]する.
On Wednesday, negotiators for Iran and the six world powers adjourned what they called "substantive and useful" talks on Iran's nuclear program. The talks will resume next month in Vienna.
http://www.voanews.com/content/kerry-russia-could-face-stiffer-us-penalties-for-crimea-annexation/1875739.html

accolade 栄誉,称賛.レベル12
While his wallet is thin, his career has been thick with accolades. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/kabul-traffic-cop-pays-price-for-playing-it-straight/1866656.html
whiz ヒュー,ピュー 

brazen 真ちゅう(製)の.厚かましい. レベル11
inline 一線に. 
A brazen act of aggression in violation of international law, in violation of the U.N. Charter. It is a 19th century act in the 21st century.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-all-options-on-table-in-ukraine/1862543.html  

cardiovascular 心循環系の
ventricular 心室性
Biomedical engineer Matthew Jackson worked with Fernandez to develop parts for this cardiovascular simulator.
http://www.voanews.com/content/hospital-machinist-aids-medical-research/1856078.html

euthanize 安楽死させる.  レベル25
The way the city decided is not helpful - some private company taking dogs from the streets, when there is actually no place to take them. So they just euthanize them,
http://www.voanews.com/content/russians-and-americans-use-internet-to-save-sochis-stray-dogs/1851189.html

sanctuary 聖域 避難所.
let it descend into sectarian conflict, anarchy, and then of course the rise of the Taliban and, of course, sanctuaries resulted from that.
http://www.voanews.com/content/lessons-learned-25-years-after-soviet-troop-withdrawal-from-afghanistan/1851262.html

clamp  かすがい レベル10 かすがいなどで締める,留める
This bill helps to clamp down on loopholes that allowed people to receive benefits whether they were planting crops or not. And it saves taxpayers hard-earned dollars by making sure that we only support farmers when disaster strikes or prices drop.
http://www.voanews.com/content/new-us-farm-bill-controversy/1847016.html

buzz ブンブンいう,

blight 胴枯れ病
Now, he charges between $40 and $100 per person for tours of Detroit's blight. 
http://www.voanews.com/content/blight-tourism-in-detroit-grows-in-popularity/1841478.html
surreal 
vandalism 芸術[文化,建物,公共物など]の故意の破壊(行為); 暴力行為.
crumble くずにする,粉にする,砕く.

wingtip 翼端
The recordings showed that the birds were able to use the upward airstream created by the wingtip of the bird just in front of it.
http://www.voanews.com/content/rsearchers-birds-know-flying-in-v-formation-is-energy-efficient/1841385.html

graffiti 落書き.
Not all graffiti has been political. A group called the Mona Lisa Brigades works on issues of social justice in the impoverished neighborhood of Arda Lowa.
http://www.voanews.com/content/graffiti-becomes-political-weapon-on-cairo-streets-egypt/1837416.html

palate 味覚 レベル12
http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/palate

ferment 発酵させる.
http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/ferment

mash  押しつぶす.
http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/mash

He says that as beer drinkers develop their palates, beer makers are coming up with new products.
http://www.voanews.com/content/craft-brewery-meets-changing-tastes/1827860.html

Two months later, House Speaker John Boehner criticized some fellow Republicans, saying they pushed the party into a futile budget standoff.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-congress-2013-passes-fewest-laws-in-history/1814234.html

infrared 赤外線の.レベル9
L2 is also designated as the parking space for NASA’s supersensitive infrared James Webb Space Telescope, scheduled for launch in 2018.
http://www.voanews.com/content/esa-to-make-three-d-map-of-milky-way/1814862.html

reel よろめく レベル6 
The talks on climate change are taking place as the Philippines continues to reel after being devastated by Typhoon Haiyan.
http://www.voanews.com/content/financial-disputes-hamper-un-climate-talks/1794572.html 

bugle らっぱ
solemn 厳粛な,荘重な,荘厳な.
The tribute was led by retired military bugler Jari Villanueva. He’s with Taps for Veterans, a group that finds and arranges for buglers to perform Taps at military funerals and ceremonies. He said it's sometimes difficult.

furlough 休暇.
Despite solid job gains, the unemployment rate ticked higher, from 7.2 to 7.3 percent - likely because some of the 800,000 workers furloughed during the government shutdown were counted as unemployed.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-posts-solid-job-gains-in-october-but-unemployment-rate-ticks-higher/1786817.htm

grueling へとへとに疲れさせる,厳しい.
The cyclists have four grueling workout sessions a day, beginning at 6am.
http://www.voanews.com/content/kenyan-cycling-team-iten/1781615.html

prerogative 特権,特典; 大権
US Nuclear Negotiator Calls for Pause in Iran Sanctions
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-nuclear-negotiator-calls-for-pause-in-iran-sanctions/1776963.html

weed 雑草.

U2

スクリプトつき・・

・母音を意識すると、日本語のあいうえおが勝ってしまう上、英語、米語、方言によって
微妙に違うので対応が難しい。しかし、「T」なら、方言の影響をほとんど受けない。

・これは、はやりの脳トレに近い。脳の前頭葉?で「T」を含む単語を集中して聞き分けて数えるのと、脳の違うところ言語野?で何となく意味をとる脳のマルチタスクトレーニングでちょっと頭がしびれてくるような感覚だ!

・集中切れても、すぐ復活できる。途中でわからなくなっても、「T」を捜して、すぐに復活できる

リスニングのリハビリ用にサイト作ってみました。・・Tを意識してブロックをはずして言語野に流し込む。
http://www.geocities.jp/k_kobuta/index.html

国際ニュースはこちらで・・
http://livestation.com/

テーマ: 英語・英会話学習 - ジャンル:学校・教育




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